maxwan

LEIDSCHE RIJN

Urban Master Plan for a New Town of 30'000 houses strongly related to the City of Utrecht

LEIDSCHE RIJN

UTRECHT, 1994

In their VINEX-report, the Dutch government has described sites and conditions for the building of an additional 800'000 houses in Holland before 2015. The central government and the City of Utrecht have a policy of compact cities. VINEX extensions have to be firmly linked to attached to the existing urban tissue. Noise pollution legislation forbids the erection of dwellings within 600 meters of major highways. These voids are 'filled' with industry and/or sports fields. Housing areas become isolated and introvert. Compact cities are governmental policy but are impossible to make due to legislation. Maxwan did not accept the form dictated by the legislative gridlock of VINEX and decided to sort out the underlying technical and organizational problems in order to build a town based on opportunities instead of on obligations. With 30'000 houses (80'000 people) Leidsche Rijn is one of the largest urban schemes in Dutch history. One of the main topics of the scheme is the reconstruction of highway A2, that will be 'hidden' in a hollow dike, crossing the new town, without dissecting.

Credits:
program
30'000 houses, 700'000 m2 offices, 280 ha industrial area, services and infrastructure.

client
Cities of Utrecht and Vleuten de Meern

country
Netherlands

city
Utrecht

scale
XXL

partner in charge
Rients Dijkstra

team
Kirsten van den Berg, Arjan Klok, Christian Müller, Vincent Lo-A-Njoe, Ivan Ivanovski, Herman Verkerk, Catherine Visser, Arno de Vries, Harmen van der Wal, Laura Weeber, Hiroki Matsuura

collaborators
architectural historians: Crimson, landscape design: Juurlink & Geluk


GH_Langerak.jpg
The construction of Leidsche Rijn and the A2 tunnel in 2008
01-M.jpg
Leidsche Rijn Master Plan, in close contact with the 'Mother City'
002.jpg
m002-aerial_s.jpg
Leidsche Rijn site in relation to the existing city
04-M1.jpg
The plan is described in properties, never in form.
m002_streetnetwork.jpg
Leidsche Rijn and Utrecht integrated street plan in 2015
sec01.jpg
Early scetch of highway, tunneled
GH_Terwijde.jpg
12-M.jpg
Leidsche Rijn 3x5 m presentation model